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zeige Details Matthews, Olen Paul The Supreme Court, the commerce clause, and natural resources
in: Environmental management , ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 12 (4. 1988), p. 413-427
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1988
Abstract The Supreme Court's interpretation of the commerce clause controls the balance of power between state and federal governments in the United States. An understanding of the relationship between the different government levels is essential for resource managers concerned with resource and environmental issues. This study examines selected Supreme Court decisions between 1976 and 1988 to answer three questions raised by the commerce clause: (1) Is the regulated item an article of commerce? (2) Do state laws burden interstate commerce? (3) Is federal commerce regulation limited? The balance of power among the justices and the commerce clause theories affecting the federal role in resource management are also examined. Since ratification of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has continuously increased federal power, but states have power to act independently as long as contradictory federal laws do not exist and state law does not impermissively affect commerce. If Congress regulates an individual's use of resources, their power is unquestioned. Future Court decisions will not significantly reduce the federal role in resource management even if the Court's membership changes. Even the supporters of states' rights on the Court realize increased federal power is a necessary part of the country's evolution. The purpose of the commerce clause is to create a national economic unit with free location principles. The Court supports this purpose today and will in the future.
Copyright: Copyright 1988 Springer-Verlag New York Inc. New York Inc.
beteiligte Personen: Matthews, Olen Paul
Format: Elektronisch
Erschienen: 1988.
Serie: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000 [Dig. Serial]
Schlagwörter:
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01873256

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